The founder of the collection was Count Gustav Adolf von Ingenheim (1789-1855), a stepbrother of the Prussian king Frederic William III. In the second decade of the 19th century, due to his artistic interests he was sent by the monarch to Italy to purchase works of art for the museums that were just being formed in Berlinon the king's order. At that same time the count commenced compiling his own collection. In his residences in Berlin and Rome the count ran an artistic salon of sorts, frequented by artists such as Bertel Thorvaldsen, Karl Friedrich Schinkel and Christian Daniel Rauch. Converting to catholicism in 1826, against the king's explicit request, resulted in count von Ingenheim's banishment from Prussia and severy limited his financial means for following his collector's passion. The collection created by Ingenheim were moved to Silesia over 2 decades after his death. His ashes were moved and buried in the chapel erected close to the family palace in Reisewitz (today's Rysiowice) near Neisse (Nysa).
The collection put together by Ingenheim counted over 140 paintings, 130 of which were moved to Silesia (including the works by such remarkable Italian artists as Fra Angelico, Masolino da Panicale, Giovanni Bellini and Sandro Botticelli). Largely represented were the Italian 'primitives', including Taddeo Gaddi and Bernardo Daddi. An important part of the collection was formed by contemporary paintings, some of them commissioned by the collector directly to the artists (e.g. the landscape by Martin von Rohden). The count amassed also over 180 antiquities, 3/4 of which were moved to the palace in Reisewitz.
Magdalena Palica, Gustav Adolf von Ingenheim (1789-1855) - kolekcjoner i mecenas, Wrocław 2009 (a doctor thesis written in the Institute of History of Art at the University of Wrocław)
- Magdalena Palica