The founder of the collection was Count Gustav Adolf von Ingenheim (1789-1855), a stepbrother of the Prussian king Frederic William III. In the second decade of the 19th century, due to his artistic interests he was sent by the monarch to Italy to purchase works of art for the museums that were just being formed in Berlinon the king's order. At that same time the count commenced compiling his own collection. In his residences in Berlin and Rome the count ran an artistic salon of sorts, frequented by artists such as Bertel Thorvaldsen, Karl Friedrich Schinkel and Christian Daniel Rauch. Converting to catholicism in 1826, against the king's explicit request, resulted in count von Ingenheim's banishment from Prussia and severy limited his financial means for following his collector's passion. The collection created by Ingenheim were moved to Silesia over 2 decades after his death. Around 30 paintings found their way to the villa of count von Ingenheim's granddaughter, Elisabeth von Mikusch-Buchberg, countess von Ingenheim, which was erected in Hirschberg (today's Jelenia Góra) at the beginning of the 20th century.
The core of the Hirschberg part of the Ingenheim collection were paintings of Italian masters, for instance the workshop of Bernardo Daddi, Master of the Argonauts, Rafaelino del Garbo and Michelangelo di Pietro Mencherini. The collection was completed by works of northern painters, such as a landscape attributed to Paul Brill and "Temptation of St. Anthony" thought to be by Pieter Brueghel. The walls of the Ingenheim villa were also adorned 19th century paintings, including portraits and landscapes by Florian Grosspietsch and Janus Genelli. The pride of the collection was a painting "Society at an Italian Locanda" (better known under the German title "Die Fermate") by Johann Erdmann Hummel, which is visible on an archival photo of the villa's salon.
M. Palica, Willa Ingenheim w Jeleniej Górze i jej zbiory - krótka historia zapomnianej kolekcji, "Rocznik Jeleniogórski", 37 (2006), p. 229-336
- Magdalena Palica